Having a skin problem is a usually distressing affair to the individuals with the issue. Some of the skin problems include the irregular skin discoloration, sun spots, age spots, and the liver spots just but to mention a few. It has been established that the pigmentation affects slightly more than 80% of the women in their lifetime. Pigmentation is a result of melanin in the skin which is responsible for skin pigmentation. There are different types of skin pigmentations which respond to various kinds of treatments based on the skin types. This means that by correctly diagnosing the kind of pigmentation will determine whether the kind of treatment will be accurate or not. Let us look at some of the common types of skin pigmentation;
Freckles, also referred to as ephelides are the most common type of pigmentation. This type of pigmentation is caused by a repeated a prolonged and repeated exposure to sunlight especially for individuals who have a lighter complexion. The skin will be okay during winter but appear darker during summer or the sunny months. Freckles are hereditary, which means if your parent is suffering from the same the then chances are that you or your siblings are likely to suffer from the same.
The solar lentigines is another common skin pigmentation. It is also referred to as the sun or liver spot. This applies to a pigmented skin condition that has a defined edge. It may occur in any part of the body and is usually brown or black in appearance. Exposure to ultraviolet light causes the spots, and the degree of the solar lentigines will be determined by the exposure of the ultra-violet light to the melanin pigments. This needs to be carefully monitored since this condition can develop into melanoma and cancer of the skin. It is therefore highly recommended to see a skin dermatologist on an annual basis.
Melasma is another skin pigmentation that usually happens in the deeper parts of the dermis of the skin. It will appear on the face as a large brown or black patch with no definitive border. It is common, especially in women. Research has shown that this skin ailment is caused by hormonal imbalance in the body. The condition is worsened when the person is exposed to ultra-violet light, stress, pregnancy, and some medications, just but to mention a few.